See also

Anne MURRAY (1788-1850)

1. Anne Harriet MURRAY, daughter of General Sir James Patrick 1 MURRAY Governor of Canada, Warden of the Cinque Ports, Governor of Hull (1721-1794) and Ann WHITHAM (1761?-1824), was born on 10 August 1788 in Beauport, Hastings, Sussex. She died on 13 November 1850.

Second Generation

2. General Sir James Patrick 1 MURRAY Governor of Canada, Warden of the Cinque Ports, Governor of Hull, son of Alexander MURRAY 4th Lord Elibank and Elizabeth STIRLING, was born on [Julian] 21 January 1721 in Ballencrieff. He was a Governor General of Canada, General in the Army, Governor of Minorca, Governor of Hull, Warden of the Cinque Ports. He married Cordelia COLLIER in 1748 in London. He married Ann WHITHAM on 14 March 1780 in Minorca. He died on 18 June 1794 in Beauport, Hastings, Sussex.


James Murray joined the British army in 1739/40 and served in the West Indies and Europe. Sent to North America in 1757 as a lieutenant colonel during the Seven Years¡¯ War, he commanded a brigade in 1758 during the successful British siege of Louisbourg, in what is now Nova Scotia, under Jeffery Amherst. He was one of General James Wolfe¡¯s three brigadiers in the British expedition against Quebec in 1759. After the British captured the city, Murray was made its military governor. When the French capitulated in 1760, he became military governor of Quebec district; he became the first civil governor of Quebec after its formal cession to Great Britain in 1763, later becoming the first British Governor of Canada. Murray opposed repressive measures against French Canadians, and his conciliatory policy led to charges against him of partiality. Although exonerated, he left his post in 1768 and was appointed governor of Minorca in 1774. He surrendered to French and Spanish troops there in 1782, for which he underwent a court of inquiry in England; after being acquitted, he was made lieutenant general (1772) and later a full general (1783).


Murray was the son of Alexander, 4th Earl Elibank, and the nephew of Patrick and Alexander, two perpetrators of the infamous Elibank plot, which attempted to kidnap the Royal Family and put the Young Pretender on the throne. James, like others in his family, had a strong rebellious streak, and against the wishes of his father, wished to join the army. After repeated refusals by his father James, aged 15, ran away from the family home accompanied by the son of one of his father's gardeners. Lady O'Donnell, James' granddaughter, related: "They concealed themselves for a day in Edinburgh and then embarked at Leith in a fishing smack. After many adventures, they arrived in Holland. James Murray enlisted in the "Scottish Dutch", a regiment composed of Scotchmen in the service of the Stadtholder. Here he remained for two or three years. He used to say in after years that he had been every rank of the army except Drummer, adding "I never was a drummer". One day a Scots nobleman (I think it was Lord Arbuthnot) coming out of the palace of the Hague was much struck by the appearance of a young soldier on duty, who looked fixedly at him: "I think I have seen you before now - you are like the Hon. James Murray who ran away from home". "Yes", answered the soldier, "I am James Murray, but I will never go home till they let me be a soldier". The nobleman made enquiries, heard the highest character of the young soldier, returned at once to Scotland, and induced Lord Elibank gladly to obtain a commission for young James in the British army".


3. Ann WHITHAM, daughter of Colonel Abraham WHITHAM and Mary UNK, was born in 1761 (estimated) in Minorca. She died on 2 August 1824 in Berkley, Sussex.


In the family vault in this Church are deposited the remains of The
Honorable General James Murray/ (Late of Beauport in this County) Youngest son of Alexander fourth Lord Elibank of the Kingdom of Scotland. He departed this life at Beauport June 18th 1794 aged 75 years. Also of his second wife Anne daughter of Abraham Whitham Esq. She died August 2nd 1824 aged 63 years; also of two of their children, Elizabeth - Mary died April 8th 1785 aged 1 year and eight months and George died in February 1794 aged two months.

UNDERNEATH is a small rectangular white marble tablet :-
The above tablet was removed/ from the Old Parish Church by the/ Honorable General Murray's Grand-daughter Lady Troloppe wife of General Sir Charles roloppe,KCB/ November 1882.


James Patrick 1 MURRAY and Ann WHITHAM had the following children:


Cordelia MURRAY (1781-1849). Cordelia was born on 16 March 1781 in Mahon, Minorca. She married Henry HODGES on 25 April 1803 in Ore. She died on 1 May 1849.

James Patrick 2 MURRAY (1782-1834). James was born on 21 January 1782 in Leghorn. He was a Major-General in the Army. He married Elizabeth RUSHWORTH on 31 January 1803 in Freshwater, Isle of Wight. He died on 5 December 1834 in Killenure House, near Athlone.

Elizabeth Mary MURRAY (1783-1785). Elizabeth was born on 8 November 1783 in Beauport. She died on 8 April 1785 in Beauport.

Wilhelmina MURRAY (1787-1866). Wilhelmina was born on 14 January 1787 in Beauport. She married James DOUGLAS on 18 May 1813. She died on 25 February 1866.


Anne Harriet MURRAY (1788-1850)

George MURRAY (1794-1794). George was born on 1 February 1794. He died in February 1794.

Third Generation

4. Alexander MURRAY 4th Lord Elibank, son of Sir Patrick 3rd MURRAY 3rd Lord Elibank and Anna BURNET, was born on 9 March 1677. He was a 4th Lord Elibank. He had the title '4th Lord Elibank'. He married Elizabeth STIRLING in February 1698. He died on 6 February 1735.


Sir Alexander became 4th Lord Elibank on his father's death in 1686, when he was nine years old. He had 15 children of whom 5 sons and 5 daughters survived him.

As a matter of interest, the Lord of Elibank voted for the Union of the Scottish and English Parliaments in Edinburgh in 1706-1707. He also recieved ?0 for doing so. This information was stated by The Earl of Glasgow, on oath, and by David Nairne, Secretary Deputy of Scotland. What a price for Scotland's freedom!

Alexander and his family had many financial problems, and the depletion of the family fortunes to the Stuart coffers was further exacerbated by the Fourth Earl losing heavily in the South Sea Bubble. He wrote to his wife about this - "I am infinitely vexed that you should torment yourself so much, which I assure you is more galling to me than any misfortune that has yet befallen me. As I shall answer God I have never bought a farthing's worth of stock but that third subscription, nor you may depend upon it will I venture a groat more that way, for now the South Sea has fallen to its primitive 110 this day (it stood at 1,000 a few days previously) so that it seems now past all recovery; what parliament will be able to do with it I cannot tell".

At the time, the Scottish Nobility was also in a generally impoverished state, and so Elibank's situation was not by any means unique.

Alexander devoted much of his life to the (succesful) reform of agriculture in Scotland, and was a founder of the "Society of Improvers in the knowledge fo Agriculture in Scotland".

Alexander was clearly loved and respected by both friends and family, and his son Patrick wrote of him: "My father, Alexander, Lord Elibank, died of what the Phisicians called the gout in his stomach on the 6th of February, 1736, The following character was given him in the common newspapers - "He lived esteemed and beloved by men of all ranks and parties and his death is universally lamented. No man ever surpassed himin the practice of every social virtue, he was a fond Husband, and indulgent Parent, and an unalterable friend, and as he never had an enemy he never was accused or suspected of anyone. Never was there a juster character"".


5. Elizabeth STIRLING, daughter of George STIRLING, was born before 1683. She appeared in the census. She celebrated her Bar Mitzvah. She died on 11 November 1756.


Book: "The five sons of Bare Betty" by A.C, Murray:

Elizabeth, who married at 16, displayed form her early teens an independence of character which not infrequently led her into eccentricities, and hse handed on to her sons the traits she herslef possessed of vivacity and original wit in thoought, speech and action. In his "Scotland and Scotsmen" Ramsey tells us an intertesing and amusing anecdote. A somewhat rash Edinburgh minister when conducting "public examinations" referred to Miss Elizabeth as "Betty Stirling". This caused deep offence to the dignity of the young lady: "Mistress Betty" or "Miss Betty", she said in tones of scathing rebuke, was the style of address to which she was accustomed, but certainly not "bare Betty". Needless to say, after this incident, she was always known in Edinburgh and district as "bare Betty".

When a man, who was deeply in love with her, told her that he was ready to lay down his life for her sake, "Oh," she said, "I do not believe you would part with a little joint of your little finger for my whole body." Next day the gentleman returned, and presented her triumphantly with the joint of one of his little fingers. But he was dumbfounded when she gave him a peremptory refusal, "for," said she, "the man who has no mercy on his own flesh will certainly not spare mine."

But despite this mercurial turn "bare Betty had a tender side to her character, and was much beloved by all her family.


Alexander MURRAY and Elizabeth STIRLING had the following children:


Patrick MURRAY (1703-1778). Patrick was born on 27 February 1703. He had the title '5th Lord Elibank, Earl of Westminster'. He married Margaretta Maria DE JONGE in 1735. He died on 3 August 1778 in Ballencrieff Castle in Haddingtonshire near Edinburgh..

Alexander MURRAY (1704-1705). Alexander was born on 23 July 1704. He died in 1705.

George MURRAY (1706-1785). George was born on 14 May 1706 in Aberlady. He was an Admiral in the Navy. He had the title 'Admiral, 6th Lord Elibank'. He married Isabella MCKENZIE on 8 January 1760. He died on [Julian] 12 November 1785 in Ballencrieff.

Gideon MURRAY (1710-1776). Gideon was born on 5 February 1710 in Ballencrieff. He was a Priest. He married Elizabeth MONTOLIEU DE ST. HYPPOLITE on [Julian] 30 June 1746 in London. He died on [Julian] 21 June 1776 in Wandsworth.

John MURRAY (1711-1711). John was born on 14 September 1711. He died on 31 December 1711.

Alexander MURRAY (1712-1778). Alexander was born on 9 December 1712 in Ballencrieff. He was christened on 9 December 1712 in Aberlady. He was a Politician. He had the title 'Jacobite Earl of Westminster'. He died on 27 February 1778 in Taplow, Bucks.


James Patrick 1 MURRAY (1721-1794)

Barbara MURRAY ( -1773). Barbara married James JOHNSTONE on 1 September 1719. She died on 15 March 1773.

Elizabeth MURRAY (1701-1748). Elizabeth was born on 26 August 1701. She was baptised on 27 August 1701. She died on 19 March 1748 in Edinburgh.

Anne MURRAY (1708-1793). Anne was born on 20 September 1708. She married James FERGUSON on 3 February 1733 in Aberlady. She died on 2 January 1793.

Mary MURRAY (1714-1772). Mary was born on 4 September 1714. She was baptised on 5 September 1714. She died on 18 June 1772.

Helen MURRAY (1716-1809). Helen was born on 19 January 1716. She was baptised on 24 January 1716. She married John (James) STEWART on 12 September 1761 in Edinburgh. She died on 28 December 1809 in Ormistoun.

Janet MURRAY (1723- ). Janet was born on 13 July 1723. She was baptised on 19 July 1723. She married Robert MURRAY on 22 June 1750.


6. Colonel Abraham WHITHAM was a Consul General of Majorca. He appeared in the census. He died before 1797. He married Mary UNK.


Ann was his third daughter. ....the King has approved the continuance of ?50 p.a. to "the Widow of Mr. Whitham late Consul in Majorca",

Minorca constitutional history: Minorca was captured by the British in 1709 during the War of the Spanish Succession, and retained under the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713. The island was captured by the French in 1756 and ceded back to Britain in 1763 at the end of the Seven Years' War. Britain returned Minorca to Spain in 1783 as part of the settlement of the American War of Independence.


Is this relevant??

As early as May 1715, a report was current among the Jacobites of Scotland, of the design of the Chevalier de St. George to make a descent on Great Britain, in order to recover the crown, in consequence of which they began to bestir themselves, by providing arms, horses, &c. These and other movements indicated to the government that an insurrection was intended. Bodies of armed men were seen marching towards the Highlands, and a party of Highlanders appeared in arms near Inverlochy, which was, however, soon dispersed. In this situation of matters, the lords-justices sent down to Scotland a considerable number of half-pay officers, to officer the militia of the country, under the direction of Major-General Whitham, then commander-in-chief in Scotland. These prompt measures alarmed the Jacobites, who, after several consultations, returned to their homes. As the lords-justices had received information that the chevalier intended to land in North Britain, they offered a reward of £100,000 sterling for his apprehension.


7. Mary UNK was born in 1724 (calculated). She made a will on 15 May 1794. She died on 13 March 1797 in Hastings.


Mary was apparently receiving a £150 widow's pension in her last years. In her will she is described as "widow of the town of Hastings", living at her son-in-law's residence of Beauport Park.

"This is the last Will and Testament of me Mary Whitham widow of the town and port of hastings in the County of Sussex. I give and bequeath unto my son Abraham Whitham one Guinea for the purchase of a ring and I have unto my daughter Ann Murray the like sum of one Guinea for the purchase of a ring as a trifling memorial well knowing that they are both provided for and will not wish to partake of the little I may have to ?? unto my other two daughters a? ?? wish that both of my beloved grand children Cordelia Murray, James Murray, Williamina Murray and Ann Harriet Murray may both of them have a ring as a trifling memorial of my affection for them and all the rest residue and remainder of what I shall Siv? possessed of I give and bequeath unto my two daughters Mary and Susan Whitham jointly to be divided between them share and share alike and I do constitute and appoint my said daughter Mary Whitham sole executrix of this my will and to revoke all former will or wills by me made and do declare this only to be my last in testimony whereof I do hereinto set my hand and seal this fifteenth day of May in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety four - Mary Whitham - signed sealed published and declared by the said Mary Whitham in the presence of us? who in the presence of ? other and in her presence have hereinto one? ?? our names as witnesses - Winifred ?? Lames? D?utton - Sn. Knight.

This will was proved at London, the sixteenth day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and nenety seven before the worshipful Samuel Duarte? parson Turton of Laws? surrogate of the Right honourable Sir William Wynne Knight also Doctor of ?? Master Keeper or Commisary of the prorogative court of Canterbury lawfully constituted by the oath of Mary Whitham spinster the daughter of the deceased and the sole executrix named in the said will to whom administration of all and singular the goods chattels and credits of the said deceased was granted having both first sworn duly to administer".


To the memory of Mary Whitham Widow of the late Abraham Whitham Esq His Britannic Majestys Consul in the Island of Majorca Who departed this life at Hastings March 13th 1797 aged 73 years. Her remains are deposited in this church with those of Hugh William Whitham their youngest son who died July 26th 1785 aged 23 years also of Mary Whitham their second daughter who died March 2nd 1825 aged 75 years and of Susanna Whitham their third daughter who died March 5th 1830 aged 76 years.


Abraham WHITHAM and Mary UNK had the following children:


Mary WHITHAM (1750?-1825). Mary was born in 1750 (calculated). She died on 2 March 1825.

Susan(nah) WHITHAM (1754?-1830). Susan(nah) was born in 1754 (calculated). She died on 5 March 1830.


Ann WHITHAM (1761?-1824)

Hugh Williiam WHITHAM (1762?-1785). Hugh was born in 1762 (calculated). He died on 26 July 1785.

Abraham II WHITHAM ( -1805?). Abraham made a will on 10 January 1798. He died in 1805 (estimated).