See also

Lord Alexander MURRAY (1747-1864)

1. Lord Alexander MURRAY, son of Revd. Gideon MURRAY (1710-1776) and Elizabeth MONTOLIEU DE ST. HYPPOLITE ( -1677), was born on [Julian] 24 April 1747. He was a Soldier, member of Parliament. He had the title '7th Baron Elibank'. He married Mary Clara MONTOLIEU on 20 April 1776. He married Catherine STEUART in 1804. He died on [Julian] 24 September 1864 in Portobello.

 

Died from injuries received acidentally from burns.

Alexander was commissioned in the third Foot Guards and was called out in 1768 to quell the Wilkes Riots. He was brought to trial but acquitted. He was MP for Peebles 1783-1784 and Lord Lieutenant of the County. In 1742 he inherited the estates of Blackbarony which had originally belonged to Sir Andrew Murray, the father of Gideon Murray who founded the Murrays of Elibank. At this time the family moved back to Darn Hall in Peebleshire.

Alexander Murray, 7th Lord Elibank (1747-1820) married twice. By his first cousin Mary Clara De Montolieu he had five children. Two years after her death in 1802, he took as his second wife Catherine, daughter of James Steuart, who bore him seven children.1 Lord Elibank, who succeeded his uncle in 1785, had been commissioned into the Third Regiment of Foot Guards in 1768, advancing to the rank of lieutenant colonel in 1769. He was a Member of Parliament for Peebleshire in 1783 and 1784 and served as lord lieutenant for counry Peebles from 1794 to 1820.

According to a letter from the Duke of Buccleuch to an unnamed correspondent, dated May 28, 1798, Lord Elibank was "a very Gentleman like man, but has been unfortunately much reduced in his circumstances by living in a style far beyond his income." The duke mentioned that Elibank lived on an allowance of five hundred pounds per year.2 He and his second wife lived in rented rooms in Portobello, a watering-place about three miles cast of Edinburgh on the southern shore of the Firth of Forth.

Apart from the fact that she was still alive in 1836,3 little is known about the life of the second Lady Elibank. But whatever is lacking in documentation is more than made up for by the portrait itself, one of the best examples in America of Raeburn's work. In it, she is shown leaning against a garden wail, a livid patch of sky and the spiky branches of a tree behind her. The dramatic lighting of the sky and the strong diagonal of the wall serve to set off the serene self-possession of the sitter. The mellow, golden colors match perfectly her contented expression and pose. A date of about 1805, that is, soon after her marriage, seems probable for this portrait; perhaps the arrangement of the sitter's hands is not accidental for the wedding ring on her left hand is the only jewelry she wears. The pose was a favorite of Raeburn's (for example, Mrs. George Kinnear, c. 1805, 34 1/2 x 26 3/4, Edinburgh, National Gallery of Scotland).

A photograph in the Witt Library, London, of a painting that seems to be a copy after Raeburn is labeled "Baroness Elibank.'' It shows a woman who could be our Lady Elibank, standing with her left arm on a column and a dog at her feet. The picture was with Neumans in Paris in 1936, but its present location is not known. A pendant, showing the sitter's husband, Lord Eiibank, is still in the possession of his descendants.

 

Mary Clara MONTOLIEU and Alexander MURRAY had the following children:

 

Alexander MURRAY (1780-1830). Alexander was born on 26 February 1780. He was a Soldier. He had the title 'Master of Elibank, 8th Baron Elibank'. He married Janet OLIPHANT on 8 March 1803 in Edinburgh. He died on 9 April 1830 in Brussells.

Gideon MURRAY (1781-1784). Gideon was born in 1781. He died on 25 February 1784 in Woolmet.

George MURRAY (1787-1862). George was born on 10 October 1787 in Darn Hall. He was an Auditor of the Exchequer, Scotland. He died on 29 September 1862.

Elizabeth Ann MURRAY (1788-1846). Elizabeth was born in 1788. She died on 17 May 1846. She married William BUCHANAN on 14 September 1893.

Mary (May) MURRAY (1789-1854). Mary was born in 1789. She married Augustus Frederick LINDLEY on 12 July 1830. She died on 23 October 1854.

 

Catherine STEUART and Alexander MURRAY had the following children:

 

James MURRAY (1810-1844). James was born on 4 May 1810. He was an Advocate. He married Isabella ERSKINE on 3 May 1832. He died on 17 February 1844 in Borneo.

Charles Henry MURRAY (1812-1833). Charles was born on 18 August 1812 in Portobello. He died in 1833.

Robert Dundas MURRAY (1816-1856). Robert was born on 9 December 1816 in Portobello. He died on 8 September 1856.

Catherine MURRAY (1818-1828). Catherine was born in 1818. She died in 1828.

Helen Anne MURRAY (1819-1824). Helen was born in 1819. She died in 1824.

Harriot Buccleuch MURRAY (1819-1837). Harriot was born in 1819. She died in 1837.

Clare Melville MURRAY (1819-1825). Clare was born on 13 March 1819. She died in 1825.

Second Generation

2. Revd. Gideon MURRAY, son of Alexander MURRAY 4th Lord Elibank and Elizabeth STIRLING, was born on 5 February 1710 in Ballencrieff. He was a Priest. He married Elizabeth MONTOLIEU DE ST. HYPPOLITE on [Julian] 30 June 1746 in London. He died on [Julian] 21 June 1776 in Wandsworth.

 

Appointed Chaplain-General to the Army, and Prebendary of the 3rd stall in Durham Cathedral. Was present with George II at the Battle of Dettingen in 1743. Chaplain of 43rd (afterwards 42nd) Highlanders.

 

3. Elizabeth MONTOLIEU DE ST. HYPPOLITE, daughter of Sieur David Montolieu de St. HYPPOLITE, died on [Julian] 21 November 1677. She and Gideon MURRAY had the following children:

 

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Alexander MURRAY (1747-1864)

David MURRAY (1748-1794). David was born on [Julian] 10 May 1748. He was a MP for Peebles and New Radnor in 1790. He married Elizabeth HARLEY on 8 October 1783. He died on [Julian] 8 May 1794 in London.

Third Generation

4. Alexander MURRAY 4th Lord Elibank, son of Sir Patrick 3rd MURRAY 3rd Lord Elibank and Anna BURNET, was born on 9 March 1677. He was a 4th Lord Elibank. He had the title '4th Lord Elibank'. He married Elizabeth STIRLING in February 1698. He died on 6 February 1735.

 

Sir Alexander became 4th Lord Elibank on his father's death in 1686, when he was nine years old. He had 15 children of whom 5 sons and 5 daughters survived him.

As a matter of interest, the Lord of Elibank voted for the Union of the Scottish and English Parliaments in Edinburgh in 1706-1707. He also recieved ?0 for doing so. This information was stated by The Earl of Glasgow, on oath, and by David Nairne, Secretary Deputy of Scotland. What a price for Scotland's freedom!

Alexander and his family had many financial problems, and the depletion of the family fortunes to the Stuart coffers was further exacerbated by the Fourth Earl losing heavily in the South Sea Bubble. He wrote to his wife about this - "I am infinitely vexed that you should torment yourself so much, which I assure you is more galling to me than any misfortune that has yet befallen me. As I shall answer God I have never bought a farthing's worth of stock but that third subscription, nor you may depend upon it will I venture a groat more that way, for now the South Sea has fallen to its primitive 110 this day (it stood at 1,000 a few days previously) so that it seems now past all recovery; what parliament will be able to do with it I cannot tell".

At the time, the Scottish Nobility was also in a generally impoverished state, and so Elibank's situation was not by any means unique.

Alexander devoted much of his life to the (succesful) reform of agriculture in Scotland, and was a founder of the "Society of Improvers in the knowledge fo Agriculture in Scotland".

Alexander was clearly loved and respected by both friends and family, and his son Patrick wrote of him: "My father, Alexander, Lord Elibank, died of what the Phisicians called the gout in his stomach on the 6th of February, 1736, The following character was given him in the common newspapers - "He lived esteemed and beloved by men of all ranks and parties and his death is universally lamented. No man ever surpassed himin the practice of every social virtue, he was a fond Husband, and indulgent Parent, and an unalterable friend, and as he never had an enemy he never was accused or suspected of anyone. Never was there a juster character"".

 

5. Elizabeth STIRLING, daughter of George STIRLING, was born before 1683. She appeared in the census. She celebrated her Bar Mitzvah. She died on 11 November 1756.

 

Book: "The five sons of Bare Betty" by A.C, Murray:

Elizabeth, who married at 16, displayed form her early teens an independence of character which not infrequently led her into eccentricities, and hse handed on to her sons the traits she herslef possessed of vivacity and original wit in thoought, speech and action. In his "Scotland and Scotsmen" Ramsey tells us an intertesing and amusing anecdote. A somewhat rash Edinburgh minister when conducting "public examinations" referred to Miss Elizabeth as "Betty Stirling". This caused deep offence to the dignity of the young lady: "Mistress Betty" or "Miss Betty", she said in tones of scathing rebuke, was the style of address to which she was accustomed, but certainly not "bare Betty". Needless to say, after this incident, she was always known in Edinburgh and district as "bare Betty".

When a man, who was deeply in love with her, told her that he was ready to lay down his life for her sake, "Oh," she said, "I do not believe you would part with a little joint of your little finger for my whole body." Next day the gentleman returned, and presented her triumphantly with the joint of one of his little fingers. But he was dumbfounded when she gave him a peremptory refusal, "for," said she, "the man who has no mercy on his own flesh will certainly not spare mine."

But despite this mercurial turn "bare Betty had a tender side to her character, and was much beloved by all her family.

 

Alexander MURRAY and Elizabeth STIRLING had the following children:

 

Patrick MURRAY (1703-1778). Patrick was born on 27 February 1703. He had the title '5th Lord Elibank, Earl of Westminster'. He married Margaretta Maria DE JONGE in 1735. He died on 3 August 1778 in Ballencrieff Castle in Haddingtonshire near Edinburgh..

Alexander MURRAY (1704-1705). Alexander was born on 23 July 1704. He died in 1705.

George MURRAY (1706-1785). George was born on 14 May 1706 in Aberlady. He was an Admiral in the Navy. He had the title 'Admiral, 6th Lord Elibank'. He married Isabella MCKENZIE on 8 January 1760. He died on [Julian] 12 November 1785 in Ballencrieff.

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Gideon MURRAY (1710-1776)

John MURRAY (1711-1711). John was born on 14 September 1711. He died on 31 December 1711.

Alexander MURRAY (1712-1778). Alexander was born on 9 December 1712 in Ballencrieff. He was christened on 9 December 1712 in Aberlady. He was a Politician. He had the title 'Jacobite Earl of Westminster'. He died on 27 February 1778 in Taplow, Bucks.

James Patrick 1 MURRAY (1721-1794). James was born on [Julian] 21 January 1721 in Ballencrieff. He was a Governor General of Canada, General in the Army, Governor of Minorca, Governor of Hull, Warden of the Cinque Ports. He married Cordelia COLLIER in 1748 in London. He married Ann WHITHAM on 14 March 1780 in Minorca. He died on 18 June 1794 in Beauport, Hastings, Sussex.

Barbara MURRAY ( -1773). Barbara married James JOHNSTONE on 1 September 1719. She died on 15 March 1773.

Elizabeth MURRAY (1701-1748). Elizabeth was born on 26 August 1701. She was baptised on 27 August 1701. She died on 19 March 1748 in Edinburgh.

Anne MURRAY (1708-1793). Anne was born on 20 September 1708. She married James FERGUSON on 3 February 1733 in Aberlady. She died on 2 January 1793.

Mary MURRAY (1714-1772). Mary was born on 4 September 1714. She was baptised on 5 September 1714. She died on 18 June 1772.

Helen MURRAY (1716-1809). Helen was born on 19 January 1716. She was baptised on 24 January 1716. She married John (James) STEWART on 12 September 1761 in Edinburgh. She died on 28 December 1809 in Ormistoun.

Janet MURRAY (1723- ). Janet was born on 13 July 1723. She was baptised on 19 July 1723. She married Robert MURRAY on 22 June 1750.

 

6. Sieur David Montolieu de St. HYPPOLITE has few details recorded about him.

 

David was the scion of a family that contributed many brave soldiers to the Huguenot cause. Daivd Montolieu left France after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, entered teh Dutch Army, came over with William of Orange in 1688, and joined the English Army. For conspicuous valour in the fighting in Piedmont in 1704 he was created Baron de St. Hyppolite of the Holy Roman Empire by the Emperor Joseph I. In the British service he attained the rank of Lieutenant-General.

 

David Montolieu de St. HYPPOLITE had the following children:

 

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Elizabeth MONTOLIEU DE ST. HYPPOLITE ( -1677)