See also

Sir John STEWART ( -1580)

1. Sir John STEWART, child of Sir William STEWART 2nd of Traquhair ( - ) and Christian HAY ( - ), had the title '4th Baron of Traquair'. He/she died in 1580.

 

John was a man of great integrity and merit, and a steady friend of Queen Mary. He had the honour of knighthood conferred upon him at the creation of the Duke of Albany, and was Captain of her Majesty's Guards.

He was one of those who, with the Queen and her Privy Council, signed a protection to the Earl of Murray to appear before her Majesty, and discover the alledged conspiracy, 19th July 1565.

He was also one of those noble persons who entered into a bond or association, to stand by and defend Queen Mary against all mortals, anno 1568. He died without issue, and was succeeded by his brother William.

John was knighted at the time of Mary Queen of Scott's marriage to Henry, Lord Darnley, and was appointed Captain of the Queen's Guard. In 1566 following the murder of Rizzio and the conspiracy against the Queen, he was responsible for her flight to safety to Dunbar from Hollyrood Palace in Edinburgh. Later that year Sir John was host to Mary and Darnley and their baby son at Traquair during a hunting expedition. During this time of religious conflict Mass had to be celebrated in secret. A hidden escape was made for priests in case the suspicious authorities searched the house. The present chapel dates from the middle of the 19th century when at last the Catholic Emancipation Act enabled the family to worship openly.

Second Generation

2. Sir William STEWART 2nd of Traquhair, son of Sir James STEWART 1st of Traquhair and Catherine RUTHERFORD, had the title '2nd Baron of Traquhair'. He married Christian HAY.

 

William's four sons were all successively barons of Traquair.

 

3. Christian HAY was the daughter of John HAY 2nd Lord Hay of Yester and Elizabeth CUNNIGHAM. She and William STEWART had the following children:

 

Robert STEWART ( -1548). Robert had the title '3rd Baron of Traquair'. He/she died in 1548.

1

John STEWART ( -1580)

William STEWART ( -1604). William had the title '5th Baron of Traquair'. He/she died in 1604.

James STEWART (c. 1534-1607). James was born circa 1534. He had the title '6th Baron of Traquhair'. He appeared in the census. He died on 9 March 1607.

Third Generation

4. Sir James STEWART 1st of Traquhair, son of Sir James STEWART 1st Earl of Buchan and Margaret MURRAY, was born in 1480. He had the title '1st Baron (Laird) of Traquhair'. He married Catherine RUTHERFORD on 9 November 1505. He died on 9 September 1513 in Battle of Flodden.

 

James III gave Traquair and all its lands to his favourite; Robert Lord Boyd, then a few years later to his Master of Music who in turn sold it on to the King's uncle the Earl of Buchan for the equivalent today of a few pounds. Buchan's second (illegitimate?) son, James Stuart, became the first Laird of Traquair in 1491, and it is from him that the present family is decended.

Described at this time as the "turris et fortalicis de Trakware", it stood with walls averaging nearly 6 foot thick, and can still be seen at the North West corner of the house. James Stuart had plans to extend the tower, but he fell with his King at the Battle of Flodden Field in 1513.

"This James, being a man of great spirit and fortitude, accompanied King James IV to the fatal field of Flowdon, where he lost his life with his royal master, anno 1513".

 

5. Catherine RUTHERFORD was the daughter of Philip RUTHERFORD and Elizabeth KERR. She and James STEWART had the following children:

 

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William STEWART ( - )

 

6. John HAY 2nd Lord Hay of Yester, son of John HAY, had the title '2nd Lord Hay of Yester'. He married Elizabeth CUNNIGHAM.

 

7. Elizabeth CUNNIGHAM has few details recorded about her. She and John HAY had the following children:

 

3

Christian HAY ( - )