See also

Henry PERCY (1341-1408)

1. Henry PERCY, son of Henry, 3rd Lord Percy of Alnwick ( - ) and Lady Mary PLANTAGENET ( - ), was born on 10 November 1341. He had the title '1st Earl of Northumberland'. He was killed at the Battle of Branham Moor. He married Margaret NEVILL. He married Margaret NEVILL.

 

Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland (November 10, 1341 ?February 20, 1408), was the son of Henry de Percy, 3rd Baron Percy, and the father of Henry "Harry Hotspur" Percy. His mother was Mary of Lancaster, daughter of Henry Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Leicester, son Edmund Crouchback, son of Henry III of England.

Originally a follower of Edward III of England, for whom he held high offices in the administration of northern England, Henry Percy went on to support King Richard II. He was given the title of Marshal of England and created an earl at Richard's coronation (1377), but he switched to the side of Henry Bolingbroke (later, Henry IV) after Richard created his chief rival, Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland in 1399. On Henry's coronation he was appointed Constable of England and granted the lordship of the Isle of Man. In 1403 Percy turned against Henry IV in favour of Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, and then conspired with Owain Glyndw^r against King Henry. This rebellion failed at the Battle of Shrewsbury but, since Percy did not directly participate, he lost his office as Constable but was not convicted of treason. But in 1405 Percy supported Richard le Scrope, Archbishop of York, in another rebellion, and then Percy fled to Scotland, and his estates were confiscated by the king. In 1408 Percy invaded England and was killed at the Battle of Branham Moor.

Northumberland is a major character in Shakespeare's Richard II, Henry IV, part 1, and Henry IV, part 2.

 

The last third of the fourteenth century -- Henry Percy, the first earl of Northumberland, led the fight against the Scots, and Alnwick castle was command center. Three Boyntons worked with him in protecting the realm: first Robert, then Thomas and then Henry [A Boynton Story: Feudal Lord]. The castle was a place where these Boyntons spent time making it a place of interest to Boyntons, even if not quite a Boynton Place.

William Percy arrived in England one year after William the Conqueror [Brenan, p. 4]. The Conqueror made him responsible for land in Yorkshire, and Yorkshire remained the center of the family weath until the fourteenth century. In 1309 Henry Percy, the grandfather of the first earl of Northumberland, purchased the castle at Alnwick, and associated land, from the Bishop of Durham [Brenan, p. 20]. That moved the family into the center of the wars against the Scots. As they fought against the Scots, kings rewarded them with more land in Northumberland, which made the outcome of the warring even more important for them.

Alnwick was safely south of the border, but close enough to serve as a staging point for military activity. It is approximately 30 miles south of Berwick Upon Tweed and the Scotland border. It is somewhat farther to the Boynton manors. Acklam and Roxby are about 90 miles south of Alnwick and Boynton is another 30 miles south. The Boyntons had to travel a considerable distance to participate in the warring against the Scots.

 

Margaret NEVILL and Henry PERCY had the following children:

 

Henry Percy (Harry Hotspur) (1364-1403). Henry was born on 20 May 1364. He died on 21 July 1403.

 

Margaret NEVILL and Henry PERCY had the following children:

 

Henry Percy (Harry Hotspur) (1364-1403). Henry was born on 20 May 1364. He died on 21 July 1403.

Second Generation

2. Henry, 3rd Lord Percy of Alnwick, son of Henry, 2nd Lord Percy of Alnwick and Idonia de CLIFFORD, married Mary PLANTAGENET.

 

3. Lady Mary PLANTAGENET was the daughter of Henry PLANTAGENET and Maud CHAWORTH. She and Henry, 3rd Lord Percy of Alnwick had the following children:

 

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Henry PERCY (1341-1408)

Third Generation

4. Henry, 2nd Lord Percy of Alnwick, son of Henry, 1st Lord Percy of Alnwick and Baroness Eleanor FITZALAN, was born on [Julian] 6 February 1300 in Leconfield, Yorkshire. He married Idonia de CLIFFORD.

 

5. Idonia de CLIFFORD (also known as Idoine CLIFFORD and Idonia), daughter of Robert, Lord CLIFFORD and Maud de Clare, was born circa 1300. She died on 24 August 1365. She and Henry, 2nd Lord Percy of Alnwick had the following children:

 

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Henry, 3rd Lord Percy of Alnwick ( - )

Maud PERCY ( - )

 

6. Henry PLANTAGENET, son of Edmund, 1st Earl of Lancaster and Blanche of ARTOIS, was born in 1281. He had the title '3rd Earl of Lancaster'. He died on 25 March 1345. He married Maud CHAWORTH.

 

Henry Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Lancaster (1281 ?March 25, 1345) was an English nobleman, one of the principals behind the deposition of Edward II.

He was the younger son of Blanche of Artois and Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster, Earl of Leicester, who was a son of Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence.

Henry's elder brother Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster succeeded their father in 1296, but Henry was summoned to Parliament on February 6, 1298/99 by writ directed Henrico de Lancastre nepoti Regis, by which he is held to have become Lord Lancaster. He took part in the siege of Carlaverock in July 1300.

Thomas was convicted of treason, executed and his lands and titles forfeited in 1322. But Henry, who had not participated in his brother's rebellion, petitioned for his brother's lands and titles, and on March 29, 1324 he was invested as Earl of Leicester, and a few years later the earldom of Lancaster was also restored to him.

On the Queen’s return to England with Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March in September 1326, Henry joined her party against Edward II, which led to a general desertion of the king’s cause and overturned the power of Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester and his namesake son Hugh the younger Despenser. He was sent in pursuit and captured the king at Neath. He was appointed to take charge of the King, and was responsible for his custody at Kenilworth Castle.

After Edward II's death Henry was appointed guardian of the new king Edward III of England, and was also appointed captain-general of all the King's forces in the Scottish marches.

In about the year 1330, he became blind.

He was succeeded as Earl of Lancaster and Leicester by his eldest son, Henry of Grosmont, who subsequently became Duke of Lancaster.

He married once, to Maud Chaworth, before 2 March 1296/1297. (Some references claim he married Alix de Joinville, but she in fact married Henry's brother John.) With Maud he had seven children:

* Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster, (about 1300-1360/61)
* Blanche of Lancaster, (about 1305 - 1380)
* Maud of Lancaster, (about 1310-1377)
* Joan of Lancaster, (about 1312-1345)
* Isabel of Lancaster, Abbess of Ambresbury, (about 1317-after 1347)
* Eleanor of Lancaster, (about 1318-1371/72)
* Mary of Lancaster, (about 1320-1362), who married Henry, 3rd Baron Percy and was the mother of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland.

 

7. Maud CHAWORTH was the daughter of Sir Patrick CHAWORTH Kt. She and Henry PLANTAGENET had the following children:

 

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Mary PLANTAGENET ( - )

Eleanor PLANTAGENET (aft1311-1372). Eleanor was born between 1311 and 1316. She married John BEAUMONT before 1337. She married Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel on 5 February 1345 in Ditton Church, Stoke Poges, Bucks.. She died on 11 January 1372.