See also

Richard (1346-1397)

1. Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel, son of Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel (c. 1307-1376) and Lady Eleanor PLANTAGENET (aft1311-1372), was born in 1346. He married Elizabeth de Bohun on 28 September 1359. He died on 21 September 1397. He married Philippa MORTIMER.

 

Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel and 10th Earl of Surrey (1346 – September 21, 1397, beheaded) was an English nobleman and military commander.

He was the son of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster.

In 1377 he was Admiral of the West and South, and in 1386 Admiral of all England. In this capacity he defeated a combined Franco-Spanish-Flemish fleet off of Margate in 1387. The following year he was one of the Lords Appellant to Richard II.

In 1397 he was arrested for his opposition to Richard II, and then attainted and beheaded.

Arundel married twice. His first wife was Elizabeth de Bohun, daughter of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton. They married around September 28, 1359 and had four children:

* Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel
* Elizabeth FitzAlan
* Joan FitzAlan (1375 - November 14, 1453), who married William Beauchamp, 1st Lord Bergavanny;
* Margaret FitzAlan, who married Sir Rowland Lenthall;
* Alice FitzAlan, who married the 4th Baron Charleton.

Arundel then married Philippa Mortimer, daughter of Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March. Her mother was Philippa Plantagenet, a daughter of Lionel of Antwerp and thus a granddaughter of Edward III. They had no children.

 

Elizabeth de Bohun and Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel had the following children:

 

Elizabeth D'Arundelle Fitzalan ( -1425). Elizabeth died on 8 July 1425.

Second Generation

2. Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel, son of Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel and Alice WARENNE, was born circa 1307. He married Eleanor PLANTAGENET on 5 February 1345 in Ditton Church, Stoke Poges, Bucks.. He died on 24 January 1376. He was buried in Lewes Priory, Sussex.

 

Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel (c. 1307 – January 24, 1376) was an English nobleman and military leader.

Fitzalan was the eldest son of Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, and Alice Warenne. His maternal grandparents were William de Warenne and Joan de Vere. William was the only son of John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey.

His birthdate is uncertain, but could not have been before 1307. Around 1321, FitzAlan's father allied with King Edward II's favorites, the Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester and his namesake son, and Richard was married to Isabel le Despenser, daughter of Hugh the Younger. Fortune turned against the Despenser party, and in 1326, FitzAlan's father was executed, and he did not succeed to his father's estates or titles.

However, political conditions had changed by 1330, and over the next few years Richard was gradually able to reacquire the Earldom of Arundel as well as the great estates his father had held in Sussex and in the Welsh Marches. Beyond this, in 1334 he was made justice of North Wales (later his term in this office was made for life), sheriff for life of Caernarvonshire, and governor of Caernarfon Castle.

Despite his high offices in Wales, in the following decades Arundel spent much of his time fighting in Scotland (during the Second Wars of Scottish Independence) and France (during the Hundred Years' War). In 1337, Arundel was made joint commander of the English army in the north, and the next year he was made the sole commander.

In 1340 he fought at the Battle of Sluys, and then at the siege of Tournai. After a short term as warden of the Scottish Marches, he returned to the continent, where he fought in a number of campaigns, and was appointed Joint Lieutenant of Aquitaine in 1340.

Arundel was one of the three principal English commanders at the Battle of Crécy. He spent much of the following years on various military campaigns and diplomatic missions

In 1347 he succeeded to the Earldom of Surrey (or Warenne), which even further increased his great wealth. (He did not however use the additional title until after the death of the Dowager Countess of Surrey in 1361.) He made very large loans to King Edward III but even so on his death left behind a great sum in hard cash.

Arundel married twice. His first wife (as mentioned above), was Isabella Despenser. He repudiated her, and had the marriage annulled on the grounds that he had never freely consented to it. After the annulment he married Eleanor of Lancaster, daughter of Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster and Maud Chaworth.

By his first marriage he had one son, Edmund Arundel, who was bastardized by the annulment. This son married Sybil, a daughter of William Montacute, 1st Earl of Salisbury. By the second he had 3 sons: Richard, who succeeded him as Earl; John Fitzalan, who was a Marshall of England, and drowned in 1379; and Thomas Arundel, who became Archbishop of Canterbury. He also had 2 surviving daughters by his second wife: Joan, who married Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, and Alice, who married Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent.

 

3. Lady Eleanor PLANTAGENET, daughter of Henry PLANTAGENET and Maud CHAWORTH, was born between 1311 and 1316. She married John BEAUMONT before 1337. She died on 11 January 1372.

 

John BEAUMONT and Eleanor PLANTAGENET had the following children:

 

Henry BEAUMONT (c. 1339-1369). Henry was born circa 1339. He died on 25 July 1369.

 

Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor PLANTAGENET had the following children:

 

1

Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel (1346-1397)

Third Generation

4. Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, son of Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel and Alasia of SALUZZO, was born on 1 May 1285. He died on 17 November 1326. He married Alice WARENNE. He married Eleanor of Grosmont.

 

He was executed for his support for the odious Hugh de Despenser, favourite to Edward II.

Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel (May 1, 1285 – November 17, 1326) was an English nobleman prominent in the contention between Edward II and his barons and second de facto Earl of the FitzAlan line. He was born 1 May 1285 in the Castle of Marlborough. He was the son of Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel and Alisia de Saluzzo (also known as Alice), daughter of Thomas I, marquis of Saluzzo in Italy. He succeeded to his father's estates and titles in 1302. He was summoned to Parliament, 9 November 1306, as Earl of Arundel, and took part in the Scottish wars of that year.

Arundel bore the royal robes at Edward II's coronation, but he soon fell out with the king's favorite Piers Gaveston. In 1310 he was one of the Lords Ordainer, and he was one of the 5 earls who allied in 1312 to oust de Gaveston. Arundel resisted reconciling with the King after de Gaveston's death, and in 1314 he along with some other earls refused to help the king's Scottish campaign, which contributed in part to the English defeat at Bannockburn.

A few years later Arundel allied with king Edward's new favorites, Hugh le Despenser and his son of the same name, and had his son and heir Richard married to a daughter of the younger Hugh le Despenser. He reluctantly consented to the Despenser's banishment in 1321, and joined the king's efforts to restore them in 1321. Over the following years Arundel was one of the king's principal supporters, and after the capture of Roger Mortimer in 1322 he received a large part of the forfeited Mortimer estates. He also held the two great offices governing Wales, becoming justice of Wales in 1322 and warden of the Welsh marches in 1325.

After Mortimer's escape from prison and invasion of England in 1326, amongst the barons only Arundel and his brother-in-law Warenne remained loyal to the king. Their defensive efforts were ineffective, and Arundel was captured and executed at the behest of Queen Isabella.

Arundel married Alice Warenne, sister and eventual heiress of John de Warenne, 8th Earl of Surrey or Warenne and daughter of William de Warenne and Joan de Vere. Alice was living in 1330 but died before 23 May 1338. His estates and titles were forfeited when was executed, but they were eventually restored to his eldest son Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel.

 

Eleanor of Grosmont and Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel had the following children:

 

Alice FITZALAN ( - )

 

5. Alice WARENNE was the daughter of William de Warenne and Joan de Vere. She and Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel had the following children:

 

2

Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel (c. 1307-1376)

 

6. Henry PLANTAGENET, son of Edmund, 1st Earl of Lancaster and Blanche of ARTOIS, was born in 1281. He had the title '3rd Earl of Lancaster'. He died on 25 March 1345. He married Maud CHAWORTH.

 

Henry Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Lancaster (1281 ?March 25, 1345) was an English nobleman, one of the principals behind the deposition of Edward II.

He was the younger son of Blanche of Artois and Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster, Earl of Leicester, who was a son of Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence.

Henry's elder brother Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster succeeded their father in 1296, but Henry was summoned to Parliament on February 6, 1298/99 by writ directed Henrico de Lancastre nepoti Regis, by which he is held to have become Lord Lancaster. He took part in the siege of Carlaverock in July 1300.

Thomas was convicted of treason, executed and his lands and titles forfeited in 1322. But Henry, who had not participated in his brother's rebellion, petitioned for his brother's lands and titles, and on March 29, 1324 he was invested as Earl of Leicester, and a few years later the earldom of Lancaster was also restored to him.

On the Queen’s return to England with Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March in September 1326, Henry joined her party against Edward II, which led to a general desertion of the king’s cause and overturned the power of Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester and his namesake son Hugh the younger Despenser. He was sent in pursuit and captured the king at Neath. He was appointed to take charge of the King, and was responsible for his custody at Kenilworth Castle.

After Edward II's death Henry was appointed guardian of the new king Edward III of England, and was also appointed captain-general of all the King's forces in the Scottish marches.

In about the year 1330, he became blind.

He was succeeded as Earl of Lancaster and Leicester by his eldest son, Henry of Grosmont, who subsequently became Duke of Lancaster.

He married once, to Maud Chaworth, before 2 March 1296/1297. (Some references claim he married Alix de Joinville, but she in fact married Henry's brother John.) With Maud he had seven children:

* Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster, (about 1300-1360/61)
* Blanche of Lancaster, (about 1305 - 1380)
* Maud of Lancaster, (about 1310-1377)
* Joan of Lancaster, (about 1312-1345)
* Isabel of Lancaster, Abbess of Ambresbury, (about 1317-after 1347)
* Eleanor of Lancaster, (about 1318-1371/72)
* Mary of Lancaster, (about 1320-1362), who married Henry, 3rd Baron Percy and was the mother of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland.

 

7. Maud CHAWORTH was the daughter of Sir Patrick CHAWORTH Kt. She and Henry PLANTAGENET had the following children:

 

Mary PLANTAGENET ( - )

3

Eleanor PLANTAGENET (aft1311-1372)