See also

Sir Robert VYNER Baronet (1631-1688)

1. Sir Robert VYNER Baronet, son of William VYNER ( - ), was born in [Julian] 1631. He had the title 'Lord Mayor of London'. He was a Banker, Lord Mayor of London. He died in [Julian] 1688 in Windsor Castle.

 

Robert Vyner, born in Warwickshire in 1631, rose rapidly to a position of great power and influence under the tutelage and patronage of his uncle Sir Thomas Vyner (see article on Sir Thomas). In 1661, at the age of thirty, he became the King's Goldsmith (Charles II). He was knighted in 1665, and in the following year became an Alderman of the City of London and Sheriff of London, which position he held at the time of the Great Fire of 1666. The King attended the Mayoral Banquet at which Sir Robert was confirmed as Lord Mayor of London in 1674. Sir Robert also became a baronet at this time.

It is a snapshot of the power and status enjoyed by Sir Robert Vyner that "in 1675, three hundred and fifty richly-habited archers marched through the city to compliment Sir Robert Vyner, the Lord Mayor, who entertained them at dinner".

Sir Robert Vyner at one time or another owned Sutton House (in Hackney), Swakeley House (in Ickenham, Middlesex) and the house that is now the post-office on the south side of Lombard Street.

He won and lost vast sums of money: when the goldsmiths, at a time of great difficulty already alluded to, all but abandoned the practice of making and selling plate, they took to running full-time banking houses, using the promissory notes which were the forerunner of our first bank notes. From this Sir Robert and other goldsmiths made an immense fortune. At one time he "bought the crown jewels of Charles II and furnished £300,000 to the Restoration Navy. And yet, earlier in his career, before his success as a banker, he was owed £400,000 by the national exchequer, and, when the it suspended payment in 1672, Robert had to deal with his creditors!

In about 1670, Sir Robert set up an equestrian statue of Charles II at Stocks Market, the site of the present Mansion House, this to complement another , at Charing Cross, of Charles II's father Charles I: the poet Andrew Marvell was somewhat sceptical of Sir Robert's motives and of both Stuart monarchs -

"That he should be styled Defender of the Faith
Who believes not a word what the Word of God Saith"

and:

"Though he changed his religion, I hope he's so civil,
Not to think his own father is gone to the devil!"

... he says of Charles I; and, when the Stocks Market horse launched out at Charles I for having fought so desperately for the "surplice, lawn sleeves, the cross and the mitre", the Charing Cross horse retorted with a sneer:

"Thy king will ne'er fight unless for his queens".

Whether Sir Robert himself was aware of his own ambivalent position of his family having first risen to its position through Oliver Cromwell and the Protectorate, and having fared so badly under the James and Charles I, now flattering and sidling up to the later Stuart monarchs, is not known. But then, politics has always been about expediency!

Second Generation

2. William VYNER, son of Thomas 1 VYNER and Anne EYCOTT, was born. He died.

 

.. of East Coope, Warwickshire.

 

William VYNER had the following children:

 

1

Robert VYNER (1631-1688)

Third Generation

3. Thomas 1 VYNER, son of John VYNER of North Cerney, married Anne EYCOTT.

 

4. Anne EYCOTT was the daughter of Richard EACOTT Snr..

 

From the will of Thomas Ekott of Bagendon 1583 we learn that he had six daughters by his wife Elizabeth. Their baptisms are recorded at Bagendon. He makes reference to his brothers:

Robert, who may have been the father of Ellen in 1575 and whose will may have been the lost will of 1629 of Robert Eacott; John the elder, who may have had 7 daughters; John the younger; Richard, who may have been the Richard of the other will noted here but more likely is not - since the family names do not match; Edward, who is probably the Edward of Winstone who became Eacoote; William, who is most likely the father of Richard 1590, who may have become the Richard Eacott Sr. and father of Thomas etc. We know that Thomas lived at Bagendon and more specifically likely at Woodmancote (field reference). He was a fairly well-to-do person, being a farmer: at that time farming was prosperous especially for those in the sheep and wool trade. This man was also very well connected by marriage, his sister( Anne?) being married to Thomas Vyner of North Cerney. Anne was the mother of Thomas Vyner (1588-1665) who became Sir Thomas Vyner, and was a wealthy goldsmith of London and Comptroller of the Mint who was knighted by Oliver Cromwell and in 1653 became Lord Mayor of London.

This was a time when the Eacotts generally did very well economically. They seemed to develop some sort of relationship with the Berkeleys and they may also have been in the goldsmith business in Cirencester during the 1600's. Samuel in fact was listed as a goldsmith there. Because of the relationship with Vyner and Vyner's with Oliver Cromwell the Eacotts may have had strong links with the Roundheads during the revolution. However,in later years (the early 1700's) there were at least some of the Bagendon Eycotts who were Roman Catholic. Finally - and this is speculation - there seems some linkage between Sir Thomas and the use of the Eacott version of the name, and there is little to link it with the continuing Eycott version.

 

Thomas 1 VYNER and Anne EYCOTT had the following children:

 

Mary VYNER ( - ). Mary celebrated her Bar Mitzvah.

Thomas 2 VYNER (1588-1665). Thomas was born on [Julian] 15 December 1588 in North Cerney, Gloucestershire. He had the title 'Lord Mayor of London'. He was a Goldsmith, Banker, Lord Mayor of London. He died in [Julian] 1665.

2

William VYNER ( - )