Sir Pain DE ROET ( - )

1. Sir Pain DE ROET has few details recorded about him.


Pain DE ROET had the following children:



Katherine ROET (c. 1350-1403)


Philippa ROET ( - )

Second Generation

2. Katherine ROET, daughter of Sir Pain DE ROET, was born circa 1350. She married John of Gaunt DUKE OF LANCASTER in 1396. She died on [Julian] 10 May 1403.


Catherine Swynford married 1396, his long standing mistress. Catherine was born in 1350 and died 1403. She became the Duchess of Lancaster at her marriage. Her first husband was Sir Hugh Swynford, who was a retinue member of John of Gaunt. Hugh died in 1372 and she became a governess of his children by his second wife & John's mistress. She bore John four children who were given the name Beaufort after one of John's estates. The Beauforts were all legitimised in 1397 by an act of parliament with the proviso inserted in 1407 that they had no claim to the throne. Catherine's maiden name was Roet, a Flemish name, she was the sister to Geoffrey Chaucer's wife, Philippa Roet. who had been one of Queen Philippa's chamber ladies. John Chaucer, his father had been in attendance on Edward III in 1338 this led to Geoffrey's employment with the King's Court, engaged as a page in Duke Lionel & Elizabeth's household [Duke of Clarence]
In 1359 Geoffrey Chaucer joined Edward III's army when France was invaded. He was taken prisoner and Edward III himself had to pay the ransom. In March 1360 Geoffrey was given his freedom when Edward parted with 16 pounds for this yet to be celebrated author's liberty.
In 1367 Chaucer was given a life pension for being a valet of the King's household, Lionel died in 1368 so Chaucer transferred his services to John of Gaunt.


John of Gaunt DUKE OF LANCASTER, son of Edward III KING OF ENGLAND (1312-1377) and Philippa de Hainault (1311-1369), was born in March 1340. He had the title 'Duke of Lancaster'. He died on [Julian] 3 February 1399. He and Katherine ROET had the following children:



John de Beaufort EARL OF SOMERSET (aft1371-1410)


3. Philippa ROET, daughter of Sir Pain DE ROET, married Geoffrey CHAUCER.


Geoffrey CHAUCER and Philippa ROET had the following children:



Thomas CHAUCER ( - )

Third Generation

4. John de Beaufort EARL OF SOMERSET, son of John of Gaunt DUKE OF LANCASTER and Katherine ROET, was born between 1371 and 1373. He had the title '1st Earl of Somerset'. He married Margaret de Holand on 23 April 1399. He died on 16 March 1410 in Hospital of St. Katherine-by-the-Tower, London.


He was created Earl of Somerset on February 10, 1397 and Marquess of Somerset on September 9, 1397. He was created Marquess of Dorset on September 29, 1397 but was deprived of the title on November 3, 1399.


Margaret de Holand, daughter of Thomas HOLLAND ( - ) and Alice FITZALAN ( - ), was born between 1381 and 1385. She died on [Julian] 31 December 1439 in Bermondsey, London. She was buried in Catnterbury Cathedral. She and John de Beaufort EARL OF SOMERSET had the following children:



Henry Beaufort EARL OF SOMERSET (1401-1418). Henry was born in 1401. He died on 25 November 1418.


John Beaufort DUKE OF SOMERSET (1404-1444). John was born in 1404. He married Margaret BEAUCHAMP circa 1440. He died on 27 May 1444.


Joan BEAUFORT (bef1407-1445). Joan was born before 1407. She married James I KING OF SCOTLAND on 2 February 1424 in St. Mary Overy, Southwark. She married James STEWART on 21 September 1439. She died on [Julian] 15 July 1445 in Dunbar Castle.


5. Thomas CHAUCER was the son of Geoffrey CHAUCER and Philippa ROET.