See also

James KING OF SCOTLAND ( -1513)

1. James IV KING OF SCOTLAND, son of James III KING OF SCOTLAND (1460-1488) and Margaret of Denmark ( - ), died in 1513 in Flodden. He married Margaret TUDOR.

 

Margaret TUDOR and James IV KING OF SCOTLAND had the following children:

 

James V KING OF SCOTLAND ( -1542). James died in 1542.

Second Generation

2. James III KING OF SCOTLAND, son of James II KING OF SCOTLAND and Mary of Gueldres, was born on 3 August 1460. He died on 11 June 1488. He married Margaret of Denmark.

 

James III of Scotland (1451/ 1452 – June 11, 1488) was the son of James II and Mary of Gueldres, created Duke of Rothesay at birth, and King of Scots from 1460 to 1488. James was an unpopular and ineffective monarch owing to an unwillingness to administer justice fairly, a policy of pursuing alliance with the Kingdom of England, and a disastrous relationship with nearly all his extended family.

His reputation as the first renaissance monarch in Scotland has sometimes been exaggerated, based on late chronicle attacks on him for being more interested in such unmanly pursuits as music than hunting, riding and leading his kingdom into war. In fact the artistic legacy of his reign is slight, especially when compared to that of his son, James IV and grandson, James V. Such evidence as there is consists of portrait coins produced during his reign, displaying the king in three-quarter profile, and wearing an imperial crown, the Trinity Altarpiece by Hugo van der Goes, which was probably not commissioned by the king, and an unusual hexagonal chapel at Restalrig near Edinburgh, perhaps inspired by the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem.

 

3. Margaret of Denmark has few details recorded about her. She and James III KING OF SCOTLAND had the following children:

 

1

James IV KING OF SCOTLAND ( -1513)

Third Generation

4. James II KING OF SCOTLAND, son of James I KING OF SCOTLAND and Joan BEAUFORT, was born on 16 October 1430 in Holyrood. He died on 3 August 1460 in Roxburgh. He married Mary of Gueldres.

 

James II was just 6 years old when he succeeded to the throne following the murder of his father. He was nicknamed ¡®Fiery Face¡¯ after a large birthmark on his face.

He was crowned at Holyrood Abbey ending the tradition since Kenneth MacAlpin of crowning at Scone. During his minority three rival families, William Crichton of Edinburgh, Alexander Livingstone of Stirling and William Douglas, fought for control. When James took over power of king he had Livingstone arrested, and is said to have personally killed William Earl of Douglas when he invited him in February 1452 for negotiations at Stirling castle.

Having taken control of the warring factions, James created new earldoms and set about organising central government and introduced central taxation. The University of Glasgow was founded in 1451.

He successfully played the Lancastrians and Yorkists in England against each other, and in 1460 besieged Roxburgh with a large army and iron cannons newly imported from Flanders. Standing too close to a cannon which exploded he was fatally struck and killed by flying metal.

 

5. Mary of Gueldres has few details recorded about her. She and James II KING OF SCOTLAND had the following children:

 

2

James III KING OF SCOTLAND (1460-1488)

Mary ( - )