See also

James KING OF SCOTLAND (1460-1488)

1. James III KING OF SCOTLAND, son of James II KING OF SCOTLAND (1430-1460) and Mary of Gueldres ( - ), was born on 3 August 1460. He died on 11 June 1488. He married Margaret of Denmark.

 

James III of Scotland (1451/ 1452 – June 11, 1488) was the son of James II and Mary of Gueldres, created Duke of Rothesay at birth, and King of Scots from 1460 to 1488. James was an unpopular and ineffective monarch owing to an unwillingness to administer justice fairly, a policy of pursuing alliance with the Kingdom of England, and a disastrous relationship with nearly all his extended family.

His reputation as the first renaissance monarch in Scotland has sometimes been exaggerated, based on late chronicle attacks on him for being more interested in such unmanly pursuits as music than hunting, riding and leading his kingdom into war. In fact the artistic legacy of his reign is slight, especially when compared to that of his son, James IV and grandson, James V. Such evidence as there is consists of portrait coins produced during his reign, displaying the king in three-quarter profile, and wearing an imperial crown, the Trinity Altarpiece by Hugo van der Goes, which was probably not commissioned by the king, and an unusual hexagonal chapel at Restalrig near Edinburgh, perhaps inspired by the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem.

 

Margaret of Denmark and James III KING OF SCOTLAND had the following children:

 

James IV KING OF SCOTLAND ( -1513). James died in 1513 in Flodden.

Second Generation

2. James II KING OF SCOTLAND, son of James I KING OF SCOTLAND and Joan BEAUFORT, was born on 16 October 1430 in Holyrood. He died on 3 August 1460 in Roxburgh. He married Mary of Gueldres.

 

James II was just 6 years old when he succeeded to the throne following the murder of his father. He was nicknamed ¡®Fiery Face¡¯ after a large birthmark on his face.

He was crowned at Holyrood Abbey ending the tradition since Kenneth MacAlpin of crowning at Scone. During his minority three rival families, William Crichton of Edinburgh, Alexander Livingstone of Stirling and William Douglas, fought for control. When James took over power of king he had Livingstone arrested, and is said to have personally killed William Earl of Douglas when he invited him in February 1452 for negotiations at Stirling castle.

Having taken control of the warring factions, James created new earldoms and set about organising central government and introduced central taxation. The University of Glasgow was founded in 1451.

He successfully played the Lancastrians and Yorkists in England against each other, and in 1460 besieged Roxburgh with a large army and iron cannons newly imported from Flanders. Standing too close to a cannon which exploded he was fatally struck and killed by flying metal.

 

3. Mary of Gueldres has few details recorded about her. She and James II KING OF SCOTLAND had the following children:

 

1

James III KING OF SCOTLAND (1460-1488)

Mary ( - )

Third Generation

4. James I KING OF SCOTLAND, son of Murdac, Duke of Albany, was born in December 1394 in Dunfermline Abbey. He married Joan BEAUFORT on 2 February 1424 in St. Mary Overy, Southwark. He died on 21 February 1437. He died in 1437.

 

reigned 1406-1437.

 

5. Joan BEAUFORT, daughter of John de Beaufort EARL OF SOMERSET and Margaret de Holand, was born before 1407. She married James STEWART on 21 September 1439. She died on [Julian] 15 July 1445 in Dunbar Castle. She and James I KING OF SCOTLAND had the following children:

 

2

James II KING OF SCOTLAND (1430-1460)

 

James STEWART and Joan BEAUFORT had the following children:

 

John STEWART (c. 1440-1512). John was born circa 1440. He had the title '1st Earl of Athol'. He married Eleanor SINCLAIR on 19 April 1475 in Dunkeld Cathedral. He died on 15 September 1512 in Laighwood, Perth. He was buried in Dunkeld Cathedral.

James STEWART (1442-1499). James was born in 1442. He had the title '1st Earl of Buchan (of the third creation)'. He died in 1499.