See also

Sir James STEWART 1st of Traquhair (1480-1513)

1. Sir James STEWART 1st of Traquhair, son of Sir James STEWART 1st Earl of Buchan (1442-1499) and Margaret MURRAY (c. 1446- ), was born in 1480. He had the title '1st Baron (Laird) of Traquhair'. He married Catherine RUTHERFORD on 9 November 1505. He died on 9 September 1513 in Battle of Flodden.

 

James III gave Traquair and all its lands to his favourite; Robert Lord Boyd, then a few years later to his Master of Music who in turn sold it on to the King's uncle the Earl of Buchan for the equivalent today of a few pounds. Buchan's second (illegitimate?) son, James Stuart, became the first Laird of Traquair in 1491, and it is from him that the present family is decended.

Described at this time as the "turris et fortalicis de Trakware", it stood with walls averaging nearly 6 foot thick, and can still be seen at the North West corner of the house. James Stuart had plans to extend the tower, but he fell with his King at the Battle of Flodden Field in 1513.

"This James, being a man of great spirit and fortitude, accompanied King James IV to the fatal field of Flowdon, where he lost his life with his royal master, anno 1513".

 

Catherine RUTHERFORD and James STEWART had the following children:

 

William STEWART ( - ). William had the title '2nd Baron of Traquhair'.

Second Generation

2. Sir James STEWART 1st Earl of Buchan, son of Sir James STEWART and Joan BEAUFORT, was born in 1442. He had the title '1st Earl of Buchan (of the third creation)'. He died in 1499. He married Margaret OGILVIE. He married Margaret MURRAY.

 

Sir James "Hearty James" Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan of the third creation (1442-1499), the second son of Sir James Stewart, "the Black Knight of Lorne," by Joan Beaufort the widow of James I of Scotland. He was a younger half-brother of James II of Scotland and Margaret of Scotland, first wife of Louis XI of France. He was also a younger brother of John Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl.

By 1466, James married Margaret Ogilvie, the heiress of Sir Alexander Ogilvie of Auchterhouse. They were parents to two children, Alexander Stewart, 2nd Earl of Buchan (d. 1505) and Isabel Stewart of Buchan. A mistress of James IV of Scotland. She may have been the mother of Lady Janet Stewart, who was in turn a mistress of Henry II of France.

In 1467, James III of Scotland, granted to his uncle and his wife the lands of the Baronies of Strathalva and Down, with the Castle of Banff, and the fishings of the water of River Deveron. In 1469, James III conferred the Earldom of Buchan on James Stewart. James took the titles of Earl of Buchan and Lord Auchterhouse. James III gave Traquair House and all its lands to his favourite, Robert Boyd, 1st Lord Boyd. Then a few years later to his "Master of Music" who in turn sold it on to the King's uncle the Earl of Buchan for the equivalent today of a few pounds. When the southern barons entered into a conspiracy against the King, the Earl of Buchan naturally remained loyal. The King crossed the Forth, and passed into the north-eastern counties, where a strong force rallied round him. He then marched southward, and came in sight of the rebellious barons at Blackness in West Lothian, and the Earl of Buchan attacked and drove back the left wing of the insurgent army.

Negotiations were opened, and the Earl of Buchan insisted on severe measures against the insurgent nobles; but George Gordon, 2nd Earl of Huntly and William Hay, 3rd Earl of Erroll were opposed to this, and they retired to the north. It was evident, however, that Buchan’s view was right. A pacification was arranged in May, 1488, in which the barons promised to return to their allegiance and maintain the rights of the Crown and the peace of the kingdom; and thereupon the King disbanded his army and returned to Edinburgh.

James Stewart had several illegitimate children with his mistress Margaret Murray (b. abt 1446), many of which were later legitimized by a royal charter issued in 1488-1489, James Stewart, 1st Laird of Traquair (1480-1513) and Agnes Stewart (married first Adam Hepburn, 2nd Earl of Bothwell, secondly Alexander Home, 3rd Lord Home and thirdly Robert Maxwell, 4th Lord Maxwell). Like her half-sister, Isobel, Agnes was the mistress of King James IV of Scotland, and was probably the mother of Lady Janet Stewart. She died in February, 1557.

The Earl of Buchan died in 1499, and was succeeded by his son, Alexander.

 

Margaret OGILVIE and James STEWART had the following children:

 

Alexander STEWART ( -1505). Alexander had the title '2nd Earl of Buchan'. He/she died in 1505.

Isobel STEWART ( - )

 

3. Margaret MURRAY, daughter of Patrick MURRAY of Philiphaugh, was born circa 1446.

 

Margaret Murray was James' mistress, but their children were subsequently legitimized by a royal charter issued in 1488-1489.

 

James STEWART and Margaret MURRAY had the following children:

 

1

James STEWART (1480-1513)

Agnes STEWART ( -1557). Agnes died in February 1557.

Third Generation

4. Sir James STEWART, son of John STEWART and Isabel MacDougall de Erqadia, was born in 1383 in Innermeath, Argyllshire. He married Joan BEAUFORT on 21 September 1439. He died in 1451.

 

Sir James was known as "The Black Knight of Lorn".

He was a close ally of the Black Douglas and plotted the overthrow of the boy-king's guardian, the powerful Sir Alexander Livingston of Callendar. The latter imprisoned the Queen-Dowager in Stirling Castle and threw Sir James Stewart into the castle pit-dungeon. However, they were later freed and, with papal dispensation, Sir James married the Dowager Queen. He had safe-conducts to visit England in 1445, 1447 and 1451, but was captured at sea by a Flemish ship and put to death.

 

5. Joan BEAUFORT, daughter of John de Beaufort EARL OF SOMERSET and Margaret de Holand, was born before 1407. She married James I KING OF SCOTLAND on 2 February 1424 in St. Mary Overy, Southwark. She died on [Julian] 15 July 1445 in Dunbar Castle.

 

James I KING OF SCOTLAND and Joan BEAUFORT had the following children:

 

James II KING OF SCOTLAND (1430-1460). James was born on 16 October 1430 in Holyrood. He died on 3 August 1460 in Roxburgh.

 

James STEWART and Joan BEAUFORT had the following children:

 

John STEWART (c. 1440-1512). John was born circa 1440. He had the title '1st Earl of Athol'. He married Eleanor SINCLAIR on 19 April 1475 in Dunkeld Cathedral. He died on 15 September 1512 in Laighwood, Perth. He was buried in Dunkeld Cathedral.

2

James STEWART (1442-1499)

 

6. Patrick MURRAY of Philiphaugh has few details recorded about him.

 

... a distinguished family in the county of Selkirk.

 

Patrick MURRAY had the following children:

 

3

Margaret MURRAY (c. 1446- )