See also

Henry PLANTAGENET (1281-1345)

1. Henry PLANTAGENET, son of Edmund, 1st Earl of Lancaster (1245- ) and Blanche of ARTOIS (c. 1250-1302), was born in 1281. He had the title '3rd Earl of Lancaster'. He died on 25 March 1345. He married Maud CHAWORTH.

 

Henry Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Lancaster (1281 ?March 25, 1345) was an English nobleman, one of the principals behind the deposition of Edward II.

He was the younger son of Blanche of Artois and Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster, Earl of Leicester, who was a son of Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence.

Henry's elder brother Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster succeeded their father in 1296, but Henry was summoned to Parliament on February 6, 1298/99 by writ directed Henrico de Lancastre nepoti Regis, by which he is held to have become Lord Lancaster. He took part in the siege of Carlaverock in July 1300.

Thomas was convicted of treason, executed and his lands and titles forfeited in 1322. But Henry, who had not participated in his brother's rebellion, petitioned for his brother's lands and titles, and on March 29, 1324 he was invested as Earl of Leicester, and a few years later the earldom of Lancaster was also restored to him.

On the Queen’s return to England with Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March in September 1326, Henry joined her party against Edward II, which led to a general desertion of the king’s cause and overturned the power of Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester and his namesake son Hugh the younger Despenser. He was sent in pursuit and captured the king at Neath. He was appointed to take charge of the King, and was responsible for his custody at Kenilworth Castle.

After Edward II's death Henry was appointed guardian of the new king Edward III of England, and was also appointed captain-general of all the King's forces in the Scottish marches.

In about the year 1330, he became blind.

He was succeeded as Earl of Lancaster and Leicester by his eldest son, Henry of Grosmont, who subsequently became Duke of Lancaster.

He married once, to Maud Chaworth, before 2 March 1296/1297. (Some references claim he married Alix de Joinville, but she in fact married Henry's brother John.) With Maud he had seven children:

* Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster, (about 1300-1360/61)
* Blanche of Lancaster, (about 1305 - 1380)
* Maud of Lancaster, (about 1310-1377)
* Joan of Lancaster, (about 1312-1345)
* Isabel of Lancaster, Abbess of Ambresbury, (about 1317-after 1347)
* Eleanor of Lancaster, (about 1318-1371/72)
* Mary of Lancaster, (about 1320-1362), who married Henry, 3rd Baron Percy and was the mother of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland.

 

Maud CHAWORTH and Henry PLANTAGENET had the following children:

 

Mary PLANTAGENET ( - )

Eleanor PLANTAGENET (aft1311-1372). Eleanor was born between 1311 and 1316. She married John BEAUMONT before 1337. She married Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel on 5 February 1345 in Ditton Church, Stoke Poges, Bucks.. She died on 11 January 1372.

Second Generation

2. Edmund, 1st Earl of Lancaster, son of Henry III KING OF ENGLAND and Eleanor de Provence, was born in 1245. He appeared in the census. He celebrated his Bar Mitzvah. He married Blanche of ARTOIS.

 

Edmund had the earldoms of Lancaster, Leicester and Derby. At his death they were inherited by his eldest son Thomas.

Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster (January 16, 1245 ?June 5, 1296) was the second surviving son of Eleanor of Provence and King Henry III of England.

Edmund was born in London, England. He was a younger brother of Edward I of England and Eleanor of England.

In 1253 he was invested by Pope Innocent IV in the Kingdom of Sicily and Apulia. At about this time he was also made Earl of Chester. These were of little value as Conrad IV of Germany, the real King of Sicily, was still living and the Earldom of Chester was transferred to his elder brother Edward.

Edmund soon obtained, however, important possessions and dignities, for soon after the forfeiture of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester in 1265, Edmund received the Earldom of Leicester and of Lancaster and also the honour of the Stewardship of England and the lands of Nicolas de Segrave.

In 1271 he accompanied his elder brother Edward on the Ninth Crusade to Palestine. It was because of this he received the nickname Crouchback (or cross back) indicating that he was entitled to wear a cross on his back.

He was married twice, first to Aveline de Forz, Countess of Albemarle, in 1269, and then in Paris, France on February 3, 1276, to Blanche of Artois. That same year he became the Count of Champagne and Brie in France. With Blanche he had four children:

* Thomas Plantagenet, Second Earl of Lancaster (b. 1278)
* Henry Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Lancaster (b. 1281)
* John Plantagenet, Lord of Beaufort, (b. BEF 1286)
* Mary Plantagenet

He died on June 5, 1296 in Bayonne, and was interred on July 15, 1296 at Westminster Abbey, London, England.

 

3. Blanche of ARTOIS, daughter of Robert I, Count of Artois and Matilda of BRABANT, was born circa 1250. She married Henry KING OF NAVARRE in 1269. She died on 2 May 1302.

 

Blanche was first married to Blanche Henry I "the Fat" of Navarre, son of Theobald I of Navarre and Margaret de Bourbon, in 1269.

 

Henry KING OF NAVARRE and Blanche of ARTOIS had the following children:

 

Jeanne of Navarre (1271- ). Jeanne was born in [Julian] January 1271.

 

Edmund, 1st Earl of Lancaster and Blanche of ARTOIS had the following children:

 

1

Henry PLANTAGENET (1281-1345)

Third Generation

4. Henry III KING OF ENGLAND, son of John Lackland KING OF ENGLAND and Isabelle Tallefer of Angouleme, was born on 1 October 1207 in Winchester. He was a Monarch. He died on 16 November 1272 in London. He married Eleanor de Provence.

 

5. Eleanor de Provence has few details recorded about her. She and Henry III KING OF ENGLAND had the following children:

 

Edward I KING OF ENGLAND (1239-1307). Edward was born on [Julian] 17 June 1239 in Palace of Westminster. He was a Monarch. He married Eleanor of Castile in December 1254. He died on [Julian] 7 July 1307 in Burgh on Sands, Scotland. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

Eleanor of England ( - )

2

Edmund, 1st Earl of Lancaster (1245- )

 

6. Robert I, Count of Artois, son of Louis VIII ROI DE FRANCE and Blanca de Castilla, was born in 1216. He died on 8 January 1249. He married Matilda of BRABANT.

 

7. Matilda of BRABANT, daughter of Henry II, Duke of Brabant and Marie of Swabia, was born circa 1225. She died on 29 September 1288. She married Florent IV, Count of Holland and Zeeland. She and Robert I, Count of Artois had the following children:

 

3

Blanche of ARTOIS (c. 1250-1302)

 

Florent IV, Count of Holland and Zeeland and Matilda of BRABANT had the following children:

 

Adelaide of Holland ( - )