See also

John DUKE OF LANCASTER (1340-1399)

1. John of Gaunt DUKE OF LANCASTER, son of Edward III KING OF ENGLAND (1312-1377) and Philippa de Hainault (1311-1369), was born in March 1340. He had the title 'Duke of Lancaster'. He married Katherine ROET in 1396. He died on [Julian] 3 February 1399. He married Blanche of Lancaster. He married Constance QUEEN OF CASTILE AND LEON.


This prince, the fourth son of King Edward III and Queen Philippa, was born at Ghent (or Gaunt) in Flanders, in 1340. In his infancy, he was created Earl of Richmond and, by that title, admitted into the Order of the Garter upon the death of Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent, one of the original knights. In 1359, at Reading Abbey (Berks), he married Blanche, the younger of the two daughters and co-heirs of Henry, Duke of Lancaster, and upon the death of his father-in-law, in 1361, he was advanced to that Dukedom. He held also, in right of his wife, the Earldoms of Derby, Lincoln and Leicester, and the high office of Steward of England.


John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster (March 6, 1340 ?February 3, 1399) was the third surviving son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. He gained his name "John of Gaunt" because he was born at Ghent in 1340. The fabulously wealthy Gaunt exercised tremendous influence over the throne during the minority reign of his nephew, Richard II, and during the ensuing periods of political strife, but took care not to be openly associated with opponents of the King.


Katherine ROET and John of Gaunt DUKE OF LANCASTER had the following children:


John de Beaufort EARL OF SOMERSET (aft1371-1410). John was born between 1371 and 1373. He had the title '1st Earl of Somerset'. He married Margaret de Holand on 23 April 1399. He died on 16 March 1410 in Hospital of St. Katherine-by-the-Tower, London.

Second Generation

2. Edward III KING OF ENGLAND, son of Edward II KING OF ENGLAND of Caernarfon and Isabelle de France, was born on 13 November 1312. He had the title 'King of England'. He died in 1377. He married Philippa de Hainault.


Edward III (1312-1377), became king of England in 1327. He succeeded his father, Edward II, and belonged to the Plantagenet family of English rulers. In the 1330's, Edward invaded Scotland. He won victories there but could not crush the Scottish spirit of independence.

Edward's forces won the Battle of Crecy in what is now the Normandy region of France. This conflict was the first major battle between France and England in the Hundred Years' War (1337-1453). Edward claimed to be the rightful king of France, and he conquered much of that country. He paid for the war by introducing an efficient system of taxing imports. In the last few years of his reign, Edward failed to provide vigorous leadership. The French recovered some of their land, and Edward's popularity declined. Even so, he was long remembered as an ideal king and a fine soldier. Edward was born in Windsor, near London.


3. Philippa de Hainault, daughter of William, Count of Holland and Hainault and Jeanne de Valois, was born on 24 June 1311. She died on 15 August 1369.


Philippa won much popularity with the English people for her kindness and compassion which was demonstrated in 1347 when she successfully persuaded King Edward to spare the lives of the Burghers of Calais. It was this popularity that helped maintain peace in England throughout Edward's long reign.


Edward III KING OF ENGLAND and Philippa de Hainault had the following children:


Edward, the Black Prince (1330-1376). Edward, was born in 1330. He died in 1376.

Lionel of Antwerp DUKE OF CLARENCE (1338-1368). Lionel was born on 29 November 1338 in Antwerp, Holland. He died on 7 October 1368 in Alba, Italy.


John of Gaunt DUKE OF LANCASTER (1340-1399)

Third Generation

4. Edward II KING OF ENGLAND of Caernarfon, son of Edward I KING OF ENGLAND and Eleanor of Castile, was born on [Julian] 25 April 1284. He had the title 'King of England'. He died on [Julian] 21 September 1327. He married Isabelle de France.


5. Isabelle de France, daughter of King Philippe IV ROI DE FRANCE and Queen Jeanne I (of Navarre), was born between 1292 and 1295. She and Edward II KING OF ENGLAND had the following children:



Edward III KING OF ENGLAND (1312-1377)


6. William, Count of Holland and Hainault, son of Jean II d'Avesne and Philippa of Luxumbourg, was born in 1286. He married Jeanne de Valois.


7. Jeanne de Valois has few details recorded about her. She and William, Count of Holland and Hainault had the following children:



Philippa de Hainault (1311-1369)