See also

Lionel DUKE OF CLARENCE (1338-1368)

1. Lionel of Antwerp DUKE OF CLARENCE, son of Edward III KING OF ENGLAND (1312-1377) and Philippa de Hainault (1311-1369), was born on 29 November 1338 in Antwerp, Holland. He died on 7 October 1368 in Alba, Italy. He married Elizabeth de Burgh.

 

Lionel of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence (November 29, 1338 ?October 7, 1368) was the second son of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. He was so called because he was born at Antwerp, Belgium.

Betrothed when a child to Elizabeth de Burgh, 4th Countess of Ulster (d. 1363), daughter and heiress of William Donn de Burgh, 3rd Earl of Ulster (d. 1332), he was married to her in 1352, but before this date he had entered into possession of her great Irish inheritance. He was called Earl of Ulster from 1347.

Having been named as his father's representative in England in 1345 and again in 1346, Lionel joined an expedition into France in 1355, but his chief energies were reserved for the affairs of Ireland.

Appointed governor of that country, he landed at Dublin in 1361, and in November of the following year was created Duke of Clarence, while his father made an abortive attempt to secure for him the crown of Scotland. His efforts to secure an effective authority over his Irish lands were only moderately successful; and after holding a parliament at Kilkenny, which passed the celebrated Statute of Kilkenny in 1367, he dropped the task in disgust and returned to England.

Lionel's wife died in Dublin in 1363, leaving behind a daughter, Philippa, whose descendants would one day claim the throne for the House of York. A second marriage was arranged for Lionel with Yolande or Violante, daughter of Galeazzo Visconti, lord of Pavia (d. 1378); the enormous dowry which Galeazzo promised with his daughter being exaggerated by the rumour of the time. Journeying to fetch his bride, Lionel was received in great state both in France and Italy, and was married to Violante at Milan in June 1368. Some months were then spent in festivities, during which Lionel was taken ill at Alba, where he died. There was strong speculation at the time that he had been poisoned by his father-in-law [1] although this has never been proven.

His only child, Philippa Plantagenet, married in 1368 Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March (1351-1381). They were grandparents to Anne Mortimer, great-grandparents to Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York and great-great-grandparents to Edward IV and Richard III.

The poet Geoffrey Chaucer was at one time a page in Lionel's household.

 

Elizabeth de Burgh and Lionel of Antwerp DUKE OF CLARENCE had the following children:

 

Philippa Plantagenet of Clarence (1355- ). Philippa was born in 1355.

Second Generation

2. Edward III KING OF ENGLAND, son of Edward II KING OF ENGLAND of Caernarfon and Isabelle de France, was born on 13 November 1312. He had the title 'King of England'. He died in 1377. He married Philippa de Hainault.

 

Edward III (1312-1377), became king of England in 1327. He succeeded his father, Edward II, and belonged to the Plantagenet family of English rulers. In the 1330's, Edward invaded Scotland. He won victories there but could not crush the Scottish spirit of independence.

Edward's forces won the Battle of Crecy in what is now the Normandy region of France. This conflict was the first major battle between France and England in the Hundred Years' War (1337-1453). Edward claimed to be the rightful king of France, and he conquered much of that country. He paid for the war by introducing an efficient system of taxing imports. In the last few years of his reign, Edward failed to provide vigorous leadership. The French recovered some of their land, and Edward's popularity declined. Even so, he was long remembered as an ideal king and a fine soldier. Edward was born in Windsor, near London.

 

3. Philippa de Hainault, daughter of William, Count of Holland and Hainault and Jeanne de Valois, was born on 24 June 1311. She died on 15 August 1369.

 

Philippa won much popularity with the English people for her kindness and compassion which was demonstrated in 1347 when she successfully persuaded King Edward to spare the lives of the Burghers of Calais. It was this popularity that helped maintain peace in England throughout Edward's long reign.

 

Edward III KING OF ENGLAND and Philippa de Hainault had the following children:

 

Edward, the Black Prince (1330-1376). Edward, was born in 1330. He died in 1376.

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Lionel of Antwerp DUKE OF CLARENCE (1338-1368)

John of Gaunt DUKE OF LANCASTER (1340-1399). John was born in March 1340. He had the title 'Duke of Lancaster'. He married Katherine ROET in 1396. He died on [Julian] 3 February 1399.

Third Generation

4. Edward II KING OF ENGLAND of Caernarfon, son of Edward I KING OF ENGLAND and Eleanor of Castile, was born on [Julian] 25 April 1284. He had the title 'King of England'. He died on [Julian] 21 September 1327. He married Isabelle de France.

 

5. Isabelle de France, daughter of King Philippe IV ROI DE FRANCE and Queen Jeanne I (of Navarre), was born between 1292 and 1295. She and Edward II KING OF ENGLAND had the following children:

 

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Edward III KING OF ENGLAND (1312-1377)

 

6. William, Count of Holland and Hainault, son of Jean II d'Avesne and Philippa of Luxumbourg, was born in 1286. He married Jeanne de Valois.

 

7. Jeanne de Valois has few details recorded about her. She and William, Count of Holland and Hainault had the following children:

 

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Philippa de Hainault (1311-1369)