See also

Malcolm KING OF SCOTLAND (c. 1031-1093)

1. Malcolm III KING OF SCOTLAND, son of Duncan I KING OF SCOTLAND (c. 1001-1040) and Sybilla of Northumbria ( - ), was born circa 1031. He died on [Julian] 13 November 1093. He married Saint Margaret "the Exile".


Malcolm III 'Caennmor', King of Scotland was the son of Duncan I 'the Gracious', King of Scotland and Sybilla of Northumbria. He was born circa 1031.1 He married, firstly, Ingibiorg 'Earl's Mother' Finnsdottir, daughter of Finn Arnasson, Jarl of Halland and Bergljot, between 1059 and 1066. He married, secondly, Saint Margaret 'the Exile', daughter of Edward 'Atheling' and Agatha, in 1069 at Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland. He died on 13 November 1093 at Alnwick Castle, Alnwick, Northumberland, England, killed by Arkil Morel in an ambush. He was buried at El Escorial Palace, Madrid, Spain. He was buried at Tynemouth, Tyne and Wear, England. He was buried at Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline, Fife.
He gained the title of Prince Malcolm of Cumbria in 1034. He gained the title of King Malcolm of Strathclyde in 1034. He succeeded to the title of King Malcolm III of Scotland on 17 March 1058.1 He was crowned King of Scotland on 25 April 1058 at Scone Abbey, Scone, Perthshire, Scotland.
He succeeded Macbeth, but was exiled to England during the reign of Macbeth. With English military help he defeated (1054 - Battle of Dunsinane) and killed (1057) Macbeth, and became King of Scotland after the death of Macbeth's stepson and successor Lulach. Five times he unsuccessfully invaded northern England, and was killed on the fifth attempt. He was effectively ruler of Strathclyde and Lothian from 1054.


Saint Margaret "the Exile" and Malcolm III KING OF SCOTLAND had the following children:


Editha of Scotland (c. 1079-1118) (known as 'Matilda'). Matilda was born circa 1079 in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland. She had the title 'Queen Consort Matilda'. She married Henry I KING OF ENGLAND on [Julian] 11 November 1100. She died on [Julian] 1 May 1118 in Westminster Palace.

Mary of Scotland ( - )

Second Generation

2. Duncan I KING OF SCOTLAND, son of Crinan (Grimus) MORMAER OF ATHOLL and Bethoc (Beatrix) of Scotland, was born circa 1001. He died on [Julian] 14 August 1040 in Bothnagowan nr. Elgin. He married Sybilla of Northumbria.


Duncan I 'the Gracious', King of Scotland was the son of Crinan of Atholl, Mormaer of Atholl and Bethoc of Scotland. He was born circa 1001. He married Sybilla of Northumbria, daughter of Siward Digera, Earl of Northumbria and Elfleda, circa 1030. He died on 14 August 1040 at Pitgaveny, Elgin, Scotland, killed by a blow from Macbeth.He was also reported to have died on 14 October 1043 at Bothnagowan. He was buried at Isle of Iona, Scotland.

He gained the title of King Duncan of Strathclyde in 1018. He succeeded to the title of King Duncan I of Scotland on 25 November 1034

Duncan was the son of Malcolm II's eldest daughter Bethoc and her husband Crinan, Lay Abbot of Dunkeld. He was about 33 when he succeeded his grandfather. Married to a cousin of Siward, Earl of Northumberland, he may have favoured southern ways and this is perhaps why he became unpopular with his subjects.

He was not the best tactician and in 1038 he marched south to besiege Durham but he was beaten off, with heavy losses. Duncan attempted to impose his over lordship over Moray (an independent dynasty) by military force. He was then twice defeated by the Earl of Orkney's son, Thorfinn, before being killed in battle by Macbeth, one of his commanders, near Elgin, Morayshire on 14 August 1040 and is at rest with other Scottish in Iona.

William Shakespeare based his play, Macbeth, one of his greatest tragedies, upon a distorted version of these events which he found in Raphael Holinshed's 'Chronicle of Scottish History.' The only kernel of historical truth in the play is Duncan's death at the hand of Macbeth. From this fact, Shakespeare drew his portrait of ambition leading to a violent and tragic end.


3. Sybilla of Northumbria was the daughter of Earl Siward DIGERA and Elfleda. She and Duncan I KING OF SCOTLAND had the following children:



Malcolm III KING OF SCOTLAND (c. 1031-1093)

Margaret of Scotland ( - )


Third Generation

4. Crinan (Grimus) MORMAER OF ATHOLL, son of Duncan Mormaer of Atholl and Sybil Aelflaed of Northumbria, was born circa 0975. He had the title 'Mormaer of Atholl, Abthane of Dule'. He married Bethoc (Beatrix) of Scotland circa 1000. He died circa 1045.


Steward of the Western Isles; Lay Abbot (Hereditary) of Dunkeld.


5. Bethoc (Beatrix) of Scotland was the daughter of Malcolm II of Alba KING OF SCOTLAND. She and Crinan (Grimus) MORMAER OF ATHOLL had the following children:



Duncan I KING OF SCOTLAND (c. 1001-1040)



6. Earl Siward DIGERA had the title 'Earl of Northumbria'. He married Elfleda.


7. Elfleda was the daughter of Ealdred EARL OF NORTHUMBRIA. She and Siward DIGERA had the following children:



Sybilla of Northumbria ( - )