See also

Christina PRINCESS OF ENGLAND (UNCROWNED) ( - )

1. Christina PRINCESS OF ENGLAND (UNCROWNED) was the child of Edward KING OF ENGLAND (UNCROWNED) (1016-1057) and Agatha of Brunswick (c. 1018-1024).

Second Generation

2. Edward KING OF ENGLAND (UNCROWNED), son of Edmund II Ironside KING OF THE ENGLISH and Ealdgyth, was born in 1016 in Kiev or Hungary. He married Agatha of Brunswick circa 1035 in London, Middlesex. He died in 1057.

 

Edward the Exile (1016 – February 1057), son of King Edmund Ironside and of Ealdgyth, gained the name of "Exile" from his life spent mostly far from the England of his forefathers. When only a few months old, he was sent by the usurper Canute to be murdered in Denmark, rather than on English soil. Instead, he was secretely brought to Kiev and then made his way to Hungary. On hearing the news of his being alive, Edward the Confessor recalled him to England and made him his heir. However, Edward the Exile died shortly after his return, causing a succession dispute that ultimately led to the Norman Conquest of England.

The paternity of his wife Agatha is debated: the medieval sources agree that she was a sister of Hungarian Queen, and disagree as to other details. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and Florence of Worcester's "Chronicon ex chronicis" describe Agatha as a blood relative of the Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor. Based on these sources, prominent genealogist Szabolcs de Vajay popularized an idea that she was the daughter of the Emperor's elder (uterine) half-brother, Liudolf, Count of Friesland (1962). Agatha's rare Greek name was recently interpreted in favour of a different version, expounded by Geoffrey Gaimar and Roger of Howden, that her father was a "Russian king", i.e. Yaroslav the Wise.

Their children included Edgar Ætheling and Saint Margaret of Scotland.

 

3. Agatha of Brunswick, daughter of Liudolf COUNT OF BRUNSWICK and Gertrud COUNTESS OF NORDGAU, was born circa 1018 in Braunschweig, Prussia. She died on 13 July 1024. She and Edward KING OF ENGLAND (UNCROWNED) had the following children:

 

Saint Margaret "the Exile" (1045-1093). Saint was born in 1045 in Hungary. She died on [Julian] 16 November 1093 in Edinburgh Castle.

Edgar "Aetheling" PRINCE OF ENGLAND (c. 1051-c. 1126). Edgar was born circa 1051. He died circa 1126.

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Christina PRINCESS OF ENGLAND (UNCROWNED) ( - )

Third Generation

4. Edmund II Ironside KING OF THE ENGLISH, son of Athelred II The Unready KING OF THE ENGLISH and Aelflyd of Northumbria, was born in 0981. He died on 30 November 1016. He was buried in Glastonbury. He married Ealdgyth.

 

Edmund was King of England for only a few months. After the death of his father, Æthelred II, in April 1016, Edmund led the defense of the city of London against the invading Knut Sveinsson (Canute), and was proclaimed king by the Londoners. Meanwhile, the Witan (Council), meeting at Southampton, chose Canute as King. After a series of inconclusive military engagements, in which Edmund performed brilliantly and earned the nickname "Ironside", he defeated the Danish forces at Oxford, Kent, but was routed by Canute's forces at Ashingdon, Essex. A subsequent peace agreement was made, with Edmund controlling Wessex and Canute controlling Mercia and Northumbria. It was also agreed that whoever survived the other would take control of the whole realm. Unfortunately for Edmund, he died in November, 1016, transferring the Kingship of All England completely to Canute.

 

5. Ealdgyth was born in 0963. She died of Natural causes in 1017. She was buried in Glastonbury Abbey.

 

Æthelstan died in 1014, leaving Edmund as heir. A power-struggle began between Edmund and his father, and in 1015 King Æthelred had two of Edmund's allies, Sigeferth and Morcar, executed. Edmund then took Sigeferth's widow, Ældgyth, from the nunnery where she had been imprisoned and married her in defiance of his father.

 

Edmund II Ironside KING OF THE ENGLISH and Ealdgyth had the following children:

 

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Edward KING OF ENGLAND (UNCROWNED) (1016-1057)

Edmund ( - )

 

6. Liudolf COUNT OF BRUNSWICK was born circa 1016 in Brunswick. He married Gertrud COUNTESS OF NORDGAU.

 

7. Gertrud COUNTESS OF NORDGAU was born circa 1006. She died on 21 July 1077. She and Liudolf COUNT OF BRUNSWICK had the following children:

 

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Agatha of Brunswick (c. 1018-1024)